Saskatchewan producers pull off well-above average yields and above average crop quality
October 24, 2013
CROP REPORT FOR THE PERIOD OCTOBER 15 TO 21, 2013
Ninety-nine per cent of the crop has been harvested, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture’s Weekly Crop Report.
Harvest weather was favourable for most of the province, allowing producers to pull off well-above average yields and above average crop quality. For example, average yields for spring wheat and canola are 35 and 36 per cent higher, respectively, than the 10-year average (2003 to 2012). Average yields for spring wheat are reported as 46 bushels per acre, durum 45 bushels per acre, oats 91 bushels per acre, canola 38 bushels per acre, peas 43 bushels per acre and lentils 1,700 lb. per acre. The majority of crops are rating average to above average in quality and are reported as falling within the top two quality grades.
Most regions have the majority of the crop in the bin. There are some areas in the southeastern and east-central regions that are 95 per cent combined. These areas have experienced significant rainfall throughout the growing and harvest seasons, resulting in some yield and quality loss. Some flax, chickpeas, canaryseed and oats are still being combined.
Average hay yields on dry land are reported as 1.7 tons per acre for alfalfa and alfalfa/brome hay, 1.3 tons per acre for other tame hay, 1.2 tons per acre for wild hay and two tons per acre for greenfeed. On irrigated land, the estimated average hay yields are 2.3 tons per acre for alfalfa hay, 3.4 tons per acre for alfalfa/brome hay and four tons per acre for other tame hay and greenfeed. Cattle producers have adequate to surplus winter feed supplies.
Across the province, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as four per cent surplus, 62 per cent adequate, 22 per cent short and 12 per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as one per cent surplus, 60 per cent adequate, 25 per cent short and 14 per cent very short. The west-central and northwestern regions are the driest regions of the province.
The number of acres seeded to winter wheat is on par with 2012; however, due to a late harvest, wet conditions in some areas and dry soil conditions in other regions, the number of acres seeded has decreased in the east-central, west-central and northeastern regions compared to the previous year. Acres seeded to winter wheat have increased in parts of the south.
Producers are busy finishing fall field work, hauling bales and bringing cattle home from pastures.
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